Today in History

Today in History: Dominica Declared a Neutral Territory

In 1748, under the treaty of Aix-La- Chapel le, Britain and France recognized the Kalinago domination of the island and declared it to be neutral and left it under Kalinago control. This treaty was short lived. The British continued to wage war on the kalinago (Carib) people but due to their courage and bravery they survived. In 1763, the British gained full control of Dominica. ...

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Today in History: First Bank for Blacks

In 1888, the first bank organized for Blacks was the Capital Savings Bank of Washington D.C. After the demise of Freedman's Savings and Trust Company, it would take 14 years for African Americans to rally behind another bank. Just four years after it opened, its deposits had grown to over $300,000. Capital Savings Bank provided the capital essential to the growth of black businesses, capital that white-owne ...

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Today in History: Stampede Kills 84 at World Cup Match

A stampede of soccer fans before a World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City kills 84 people and seriously injures more than 100 on this day in 1996. Approximately 60,000 fans, most dressed in blue and white, the country's traditional colors, came to the stadium, which has a capacity of only 45,000. Apparently, counterfeiters had sold thousands of fake tickets to the event. ...

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Today in History: Mata Hari is Executed

On this day in 1917, Mata Hari, the archetype of the seductive female spy, is executed for espionage by a French firing squad at Vincennes outside of Paris. She first came to Paris in 1905 and found fame as a performer of exotic Asian-inspired dances. She acquired her superficial knowledge of Indian and Javanese dances when she lived for several years in Malaysia with her former husband. ...

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Today in History: Christopher Columbus Reached the New World

In 1493, after sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, believing he has reached East Asia. His expedition went ashore the same day and claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain, who sponsored his attempt to find a western ocean route to China, India, and the fabled gold and Spice Islands of Asia. He became obsessed with the possibility of ...

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Today in History: Jimmy Carter wins Nobel Prize

On this day in 2002, former President Jimmy Carter wins the Nobel Peace Prize "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development. "Carter, a peanut farmer from Georgia, served one term as U.S. president between 1977 and 1981. One of his key achievements as president was mediating the ...

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Today in History: Che Guevara is Killed by Bolivian Army

On this day in 1967, the U.S.-military-backed Bolivian forces captured Guevara on October 8 while battling his band of guerillas in Bolivia and assassinated him the following day. His hands were cut off as proof of death and his body was buried in an unmarked grave. In 1997, Guevara's remains were found and sent back to Cuba, where they were reburied in a ceremony attended by President Fidel Castro and thou ...

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Today in History: Flames Spark in the Chicago Barn of Patrick and Catherine O’Leary

On this day in 1871, flames spark in the Chicago barn of Patrick and Catherine O'Leary. THE FLAMES igniting a two-day blaze that kills between 200 and 300 people, destroys 17,450 buildings, leaves 100,000 homeless and causes an estimated $200 million (in 1871 dollars; $3 billion in 2007 dollars) in damages. Legend has it that a cow kicked over a lantern in the O'Leary barn and started the fire, but other th ...

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Today in History: $20 Million Gift Made to Spelman College by Bill and Camille Cosby in 1988

On this day in 1988, Bill Cosby and his wife, Camille, donated $20 million to Spelman College, the elite black women's college in Atlanta. The gift is the largest single contribution ever made to a black college and one of the largest donations to any school. The gift was announced by Johnetta B. Cole, Spelman's new president, at a dinner that began a three-day celebration of her inauguration. At the donati ...

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