Today in History: In 1945, Nuremberg trials begin

Nuremberg Defendants

Twenty-four high-ranking Nazis go on trial in Nuremberg, Germany, for murders committed during World War II.

The Nuremberg Trials were conducted by an international court made up of representatives from the United States, France, and Great Britain.

It was the first trial of its kind in history, and the defendants faced charges ranging from crimes against peace, to crimes of war, to crimes against humanity.

Lord Justice Geoffrey Lawrence, the British member, presided over the proceedings, which lasted 10 months and consisted of 216 court sessions.

On October 1, 1946, 12 designers of Nazi policy were sentenced to death.

Seven others were sentenced to prison terms ranging from 10 years to life, and three were innocent.

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