Today in History: The “Bronze Muse” died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Frances Ellen Watkins Harper

On this day 1911, the “Bronze Muse” died in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Frances Ellen Watkins Harper wrote more than a dozen books, including ‘Poems on Miscellaneous Subjects’; ‘Moses, a Story of the Nile’; and ‘Sketches of Southern Life’.

Harper was the most famous female poet of her day and the most famous African-American poet of the 19th century.

Also a well-known orator, she spoke frequently in public (sometimes twice in one day) promoting equal rights for women and African-Americans.

She was a worker for the Underground Railroad, and in 1896 she helped establish the National Association of Colored Women.

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