Today in History: The First Supreme Court is Established

JudiciaryAct

Judiciary Act of 1789

The Judiciary Act of 1789 was passed by Congress and signed by President George Washington, on this day in 1789 establishing the Supreme Court of the United States as a tribunal, made up of six justices, who were to serve on the court until death or retirement.

That day, President Washington nominated John Jay to preside as Chief Justice, and John Rutledge, William Cushing, John Blair, Robert Harrison, and James Wilson to be associate justices.

On September 26, all six appointments were confirmed by the U.S. Senate.

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